Snoring is noise produced during sleep due to narrowing of airways in the throat and throat. The noises are formed at the back of the oral cavity, in the area between the palate, the upper part of the throat, the incisor and the tongue. Snoring can be expressed in a wide variety of levels of severity, from very light snoring, typical of standard fatigue situations to extremely intense snoring, which can also reach a volume of 50 to 60 decibels.
What are the causes of snoring?
Snoring is not a disease or medical condition in itself, but a symptom that is not specific. This means that snoring can be caused by a wide variety of factors. Here are some of them in a nutshell:
Structure of the oral organs – Any permanent or temporary anatomical problem that causes airflow disturbance can cause snoring. This refers, for example, to enlarged almonds, short and short neck, especially large tongue, significant obstruction in the nose, slack and drooping palate, especially long inbal and more.
Smoking (active and passive) – Smoking causes local inflammation leading to narrowing of the upper respiratory tract, and a decrease in the amount of nicotine during sleep may cause local changes leading to snoring.
Obesity – The more severe obesity is, the greater the air flow and the greater the snoring intensity. It is now known that during the obesity, fat cells enter the tongue, which greatly increases the chance of snoring. Not only does the tongue become bigger, but the extensive tissue of the fat causes damage to the function of the tongue and makes it difficult to remove the tongue during sleep from the airways.
Other factors: There are many other factors that can cause organ and tissue prolapse in the upper airways or swelling in these areas, including sedatives, alcohol, colds, allergies, nasal congestion and more.
What are the symptoms of snoring?
The symptoms of snoring vary according to the cause of snoring. For example, if snoring has appeared on an allergy background, symptoms such as episodic congestion, increased secretion of runny nose, difficulty breathing, and more may occur. It is also possible that snoring will be evidence of a dangerous condition called sleep apnea. This condition is characterized by a jump from one sleep to some time during the night due to a significant obstruction of the airways.
When a blockage of airways occurs, the patient awakes from his sleep without realizing it. When this phenomenon occurs dozens or even hundreds of times every night, it may feel very tired during the day and even fall asleep during the day involuntarily. Sleep apnea syndrome increases the chance of suffering from depression, concentration disorders, diabetes, heart disease and hypertension. Sleep apnea also increases the risk of being involved in a car accident.
Sleep apnea syndrome is closely related to snoring and is evidenced by the fact that one in three obese people will suffer from this syndrome.
How is snoring diagnosed?
Diagnosis is performed in front of an ENT doctor, who can check whether the patient suffers from significant nasal congestion or from allergic symptoms or from the source of snoring in obesity, abnormal structure of the upper airways and more. If necessary, the patient will be referred to a sleep laboratory to rule out sleep apnea. Until the cause of snoring is not found and its character, it is not possible to adapt the most effective treatment.
How to treat snoring?
The treatment of snoring varies according to the factor that led to their development and according to their severity. If its a mild version of snoring that you can use a chin strap device or Usually weight loss will lead to a significant improvement in snoring, but if snoring is due to abnormal anatomical structure, the problem may need to be resolved in the surgery.
Epic congestion can be treated with special sprays and people with sleep apnea are usually treated with a CPAP device, which produces hypotension to improve airflow in the airways, through surgery to promote the chin and jaws or using a jaw enhancement device.